Suspension system NVH testing

Optimising noise, vibration, and harshness characteristics early in the design process.

What is NVH?

Noise, vibration, and harshness (NHV) is a field dedicated to the analysis and mitigation of noise and vibration attributes in vehicles. It’s a critical aspect of vehicle design, affecting both performance and user experience. NHV testing involves exposing a complete vehicle, or a component or subassembly to vibrations across various frequencies. This helps in identifying potential issues or annoyances.

NVH issues can often remain undetected until late in a vehicle development programme, which can lead to costly and compromised corrective measures. Our ANVH 250 test machine enables accurate measurement of suspension system NVH transmission long before prototype vehicles are available.

How the ANVH 250 works

The ANVH 250 simulates the structural propagation of vibrations from the tyre contact patch through the suspension system to the vehicle body by injecting high-frequency test signals into the axle spindles. Up to six bespoke electro-magnetic actuators apply precisely controlled motion at frequencies from 0-250Hz and displacements from +/-0.01 to +/-50mm, while tri-axial load cells measure the forces transmitted to each vehicle body mounting point.

The ANVH 250 can apply sinusoidal, random input and road load data displacements to the suspension system. Displacements can be applied to the wheel hubs in the vertical (Z), longitudinal (X) or lateral (Y) directions. The paired displacements at the hubs can be in-phase, anti-phase or single-sided. By analysing the resultant forces, accelerations and displacements, sources of structural resonance can be identified, isolated and optimised.


The ANVH 250 is a sophisticated axle-level test machine that accurately measures NVH transmission through a suspension system into a vehicle body.

The changing automotive landscape is making it more important than ever to get NVH right. The ANVH 250 solution includes the following features:

  • Closed loop control 0-250Hz
  • All electric design
  • Up to 10 kN pneumatic pre-load per actuator
  • Up to 10 kN peak force per actuator
  • K&C testing option
  • Accommodates a wide range of subassembly types and sizes

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Steering system test equipment

Turning the art of steering development into a science.

Steering system development

The steering system is an important system to a car’s design as it affects the vehicle’s handling, stability, comfort and safety. However, to achieve the desired steering feel, steering system testing typically relies on physical prototypes and track testing, which are costly, time-consuming, and subject to environmental and human factors. Moreover, due to emerging trends in the automotive industry such as electrification, automation, and personalisation, more advanced and flexible steering system testing solutions are required. This is why AB Dynamics has developed laboratory steering system test equipment that can precisely replicate real-world conditions to help accelerate the steering system design process.


How the SSTM works

The SSTM consists of two mounting tables with a high resonance frequency of greater than 150Hz. The front table contains two rotary wheel actuators, one either side of the steering system, and the steering rack mount. The rear table houses the steering column mount, the steering robot and the driver chair. The SSTM uses our industry-leading driving robot to apply inputs into the steering column. To best simulate the geometry of a vehicle, the SSTM uses high-frequency, high-torque rotary wheel actuators to replicate tie rod forces as the inputs into the steering system and highly accurate piezoelectric load cells to measure the resultant forces from the machine.

Access immersive testing with a static driving simulator option

With the integration of Ansible Motion’s driving simulator technology combined with rFpro’s simulation environment and visuals, the SSTM becomes a highly advanced driving simulator with the steering hardware fully incorporated. This offers a multitude of benefits especially for ADAS development in Hardware-in-the-Loop (HiL) and Driver-in-the-Loop (DiL) testing. The seamless setup of the steering system and the driver chair to achieve correct vehicle-matched geometry ensures a highly immersive environment for test drivers to subjectively assess the real steering system in simulation. By conducting complex simulated scenarios in the laboratory, you can save significant setup time and costs typically associated with track testing.

Key features and specifications

A game changer for steering development, the SSTM significantly reduces the reliance on prototype vehicles.

  • Compensated dual sided tie rod force control for accurate command following
  • >40Hz tie rod force control bandwidth
  • Electromechanical actuators provide a clean work environment and minimal maintenance
  • High natural frequency tables and actuators in excess of testing frequencies
  • mHIL capability enables the physical steering system to bypass the steering model during real-time simulations
  • Fast changeover between steering robot and OEM wheel for DiL testing
  • Drive-by-wire compatible
  • Accurate representation of steer system geometry including inner and outer ball joints

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CoG and MoI test equipment

Precise and efficient measurement of Centre of Gravity (CoG) and Moments of Inertia (MoI) for both full vehicles and vehicle components.

Why is accurate CoG and MoI testing important to vehicle development?

The CoG represents the point where the entire weight of a vehicle is concentrated and MoI describes how mass is distributed around different axes of rotation. When developing vehicles understanding and optimising the CoG and MoI are fundamental for creating vehicles that are stable, agile, and safe to handle during real-world driving. The MoI and CoG of a vehicle can be measured using several methods, depending on the level of accuracy and complexity required.

At AB Dynamics, our approach to CoG and MoI testing is via an optional add-on to our Kinematics and Compliance (K&C) test machine, the SPMM Plus. The option permits the measurement of the full mass inertia properties of vehicles and objects, in addition to a detailed analysis of a vehicle’s suspension characteristics under various loading conditions.

How the MIMS upgrade works

The moving body design of the SPMM Plus allows roll, pitch, bounce, and yaw motions to be applied to the vehicle body. This generates forces that are accurately measured using load cells located in the sill clamps. The simplicity of the moving body design also means the SPMM can be changed from K&C to MIMS measurement mode in less than 30 minutes, without the need to unload the vehicle. The MIMS option is available as an upgrade for both two and four-wheel station arrangements.

Key features and specifications

The SPMM Plus MIMS option provides accurate CoG and MoI data and is fundamental for understanding the ride and handling characteristics of the test vehicle.

  • A unique moving body, fixed ground plane design
  • Rotations are applied about measured CoG reducing parallel axis errors
  • Vertical, roll and tilt tests provide two or more independent measurements of CG X,Y,Z for increased accuracy
  • All cross products of inertia can be accurately determined
  • Changeover from K&C to MIMS measurement mode takes less than 30 minutes
  • Piezoelectric load cell sensitivities specially selected for the MIMS application
  • Measurement of standalone objects possible with Object add-on

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Kinematics and compliance (K&C) test equipment

Transforming information into usable data.

What is kinematics and compliance (K&C) testing?

Kinematics and compliance (K&C) testing is a specialised form of suspension testing that involves applying real-world loads and displacements to a vehicle’s chassis and tyres. The goal of K&C testing is to ascertain the geometry and stiffness characteristics of the vehicle’s suspension system under quasi-static conditions. A K&C test machine provides a thorough understanding of a vehicle’s kinematic and compliance characteristics by applying simple but very accurate inputs. The resulting data informs on the vehicle’s ride and handling characteristics.

SPMM Plus Polestar

How the SPMM Plus works

The SPMM Plus has two key areas of measurement: wheel position and wheel force. The test vehicle is clamped to the table and suspension kinematics are analysed by moving the table to simulate the motions of the vehicle body that occur on the road. The resulting wheel centre movement is measured using our Dynamic Arm measurement system, whilst controlling the tyre contact patch loads to zero.

To measure compliance, horizontal inputs are applied at the tyre contact patch by the wheel stations. The wheel stations apply these loads by moving longitudinally (X), laterally (Y) and rotationally (δ). Forces and displacements are measured by the wheel stations integrated piezo-electric load cells.

Key features and specifications

The SPMM Plus features the finest quality components to ensure the highest levels of accuracy, coupled with easy-to-use software and an extensive range of options that allow you to tailor the solution to your specific requirements.

  • A unique moving body, fixed ground plane design
  • Exceptionally accurate Dynamic Arm wheel position measurement system
  • Low maintenance, servo-electric design
  • Optional Moments of Inertia (MoI) and Centre of Gravity (CoG) measurement capability
  • Hybrid simulation data pipe for HiL test capability
  • One-click data export to popular modelling packages such as CarMaker and CarSim

Get the SPMM Plus

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